History

The History of the Gambia is extensive and dominated by the situation in the country greatly from that of Senegal. The following lines give a brief overview of the various stages that have marked the country.

Prehistoric times

Latest Excavations According to the areas around the river Gambia BC are already since the 2nd millennium BC.. Inhabited. First written records of settlements date v. Chr from the year 470. The Carthaginian Hanno the Navigator.

750 n. Chr. Were stone circles of Wassu built, one of which is thought that they were used as grave stone plant. This Megalithenformation is a popular holiday destination of destination until today and offers a fascinating insight into the history of the country.

Old empires

Prior to the discovery by the Portuguese influenced the three kingdoms of today’s Gambia region. We kicked off the Ghana Empire, which reached its peak in the 9th and 10th centuries. This was followed by the Mali Empire, which at the beginning of the 13th century came to power and within a short time almost all of West Africa included. Last ruled the Songhai Empire, which existed from the early 15th up to the late 16th century.

Colonial Time

Following the discovery by Portugal of the first trade with Europe took place in 1456, which the other great powers attracted and culminated in the controversy over the power of attorney between France and England. 1765 were Senegal and Gambia eventually British colony Senegambia. At the beginning of the 19th century Senegal was acquired by France, Gambia remained in British hands.

Independence

Since 1965, The Gambia is an independent state and was in 1970 by a new constitution for präsidentialen Republic. Due to a general discontent among the Prime Minister Sir DK Jawara there were in the 80s several coup attempts. The coup under Yahya Jammeh in 1994 overthrew the former president. 1996 a new constitution in a referendum was established and President Yahya Jammeh officially elected.